"Eat" the agricultural waste such as straw, garbage, feces, and "spit" out green ecological new energy. In the rural areas of Jingchu, large-scale biogas projects have emerged, bringing new weather to the beautiful countryside.
With the in-depth implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, rural energy has been actively integrated into modern agricultural development, beautiful rural construction, and ecological environmental protection and governance, and has made new contributions to promoting the construction of ecological civilization in the province. Our province proposes to adhere to the policy of government support, enterprise main body, and market-oriented operation, with biogas and biological natural gas as the main treatment direction, and local and nearby use of rural energy and agricultural organic fertilizer as the main use direction, and strive to "13th Five-Year Plan" "", Basically solve the problem of manure treatment and resource utilization in large-scale livestock and poultry farms.
Connect breeding and farming, make agriculture recycle
On November 23, Moshan Town, Liangzihu District, Ezhou City was very lively. On this day, the Huyou Picking Festival opened. A giant yuyou shape with a width of 2 meters and a height of 3 meters, composed of more than a thousand huyou, stood in Lianghu Jasper Ecological Park, attracting many tourists to stop and take photos.
The villagers were pleased to introduce that in this year of drought, the quality of Huyou was not affected, and the sugar content of the fruit reached 12%, which directly benefited 20,000 farmers.
Numayama is the "hometown of Huyou" in Ezhou, with an area of more than 20,000 acres. In order to promote the further upgrade and upgrade of the Huyou industry, in 2017, the Ezhou Ecological Energy Office optimized the full-quantity utilization plan of biogas and biogas in accordance with the idea of “determining biogas and green development”, and established the biogas + “ecological cycle” agriculture In the demonstration area, popularize the application of biogas slurry three-stage filtration tank fertilizer-water integration technology and biogas fresh-keeping storage technology.
Liangzihu District Shenghua Biogas Specialty Cooperative circulates 13 acres of land in the demonstration area, conducts "Three-Marsh" comprehensive utilization and integrated technology innovation demonstration and market-oriented operation and hosting services, and provides biogas professional services to more than 580 farmers in the area. Under the demonstration and promotion of cooperatives, the standardized productivity of biogas fertilizer in the 2000-mu core demonstration area has reached over 95%, biogas cooking and convenient services have benefited 580 farmers, biogas fertilizer drip irrigation supplies 600 mu of improved soil, and the development level of the biogas industry has been significantly improved.
Hubei Province is a large agricultural province, and planting and animal husbandry occupy a very important position. However, livestock manure has nowhere to be placed, and crop stalks have not been effectively used, which has caused great pressure on the environment. On the other hand, the large-scale application of chemical fertilizers in the planting industry has led to soil compaction and organic matter degradation, which has affected the quality of agricultural products.
How to solve the ecological problem of environmental protection and agricultural development? The whole province explores the use of rural biogas as a link to connect the aquaculture and planting industries, and provides a "recipe" for the efficient development of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Tuanfeng, public security, Jingshan and other places such as "tea-mushroom-animal", "fruit-mushroom-animal", "vegetable-mushroom-animal" and other ecological cycle agricultural models are flourishing. All biogas slurry is discharged through resource utilization or treatment. Biogas residue is used to produce organic fertilizer, and biogas is used to generate electricity in farmers 'homes or through biogas generator sets, which not only improves the level of agricultural waste resource utilization, solves the problem of rural environmental pollution, but also promotes farmers' continuous increase in production and income. At present, more than 7,000 biogas projects have been completed and effectively used in the province.
Zheng Guorong, director of the Provincial Rural Energy Office, said that in the next few years, the province will steadily promote large-scale biogas projects and actively promote small and medium-sized biogas projects. Based on the construction of biogas projects, each city and state will build a centralized and continuous scale In order to transform the ecological cycle agricultural demonstration zone, each county and city should build at least one ecological energy demonstration village, and explore the benefits of the ecological cycle, the integration of planting, breeding, and marketing industries.
The biogas project comes to the village, making the beautiful countryside more livable
Hubei must be beautiful, and rural areas must be beautiful. Our province proposes to strive to achieve full coverage of the improvement of human settlements in all villages within 5 years.
However, in the improvement of human settlements, the countryside is facing practical problems such as incomplete treatment of agricultural and rural waste, low use of renewable and clean energy, and low marketization of resource utilization.
This year, 4 villages in Guizui Village, Babao Town, Songzi City, Xinxing Village, Jiehe Town, Niushipo Village in Nanhai Town, and Guizhu Village in Shipai Town, Zhongxiang City were included in the national rural residential environment improvement technical service and improvement project. , Explore new paths for the construction of beautiful Hubei.
Guizhu Village started trials first, and started construction of an integrated display center of harmless treatment and resource utilization covering an area of 460 square meters. Domestic garbage and livestock and poultry waste were all put into biogas digesters. Villagers used honeycomb coal, fuelwood, and straw. Habits have changed greatly, while producing biogas fertilizer and biogas, developing organic recycling agriculture, rural energy recycling, less pollution, fresher air, and village collective economic growth. Guizhu Village was also successfully selected as a pilot village for beautiful rural construction in the province.
Not only the pilot villages are in action, but various regions are actively exploring. Through continuous improvement, Shiyan Puyang District has finally decided to adopt a biogas slurry return flushing mode and promote its application in the entire area. Today, more than 1,300 biogas sanitary latrines have been successfully transformed in 64 villages in 18 towns and villages, and the long-lasting dirty, smelly and poor toilets in rural latrines have been improved. Dongbao District, Jingmen City uses the rich straw resources locally, innovates straw biogas recycling technology, constructs large and small straw biogas digesters, and creates a set of sustainable, replicable and popularized straw comprehensive utilization technology models for the industrialization of straw comprehensive utilization in the province. Set an example by development.
The countryside is bright and bright. Entering Guizui Village, Babao Town, Songzi City, rows of solar street lights are neatly standing on both sides of the road, which has greatly improved the living environment, made every house bright, and ensured the safety of rural people at night.
The biogas project came into the village, swallowed up waste, produced new energy, and the beautiful countryside was even more beautiful. The biogas utilization rate of farmers in four villages has increased from 30% before the project to more than 90% now. Solar street lights, biomass stoves and solar water heaters have benefited, forming a clean energy utilization model of "energy-saving facilities + farmers".
In order to make beauty last longer, various regions are actively exploring long-term management and protection mechanisms. Many peasant households in Zhongxiang have a small service card affixed to their doorsteps. Dial the number above and the service staff will come to collect and remove toilet waste, and then transfer it to the biogas centralized gas supply station. Songzi established a biogas professional cooperative, which implements unified listing, unified distribution, unified price, and unified service standards, and is equipped with technical staff and slag extraction trucks to meet the service needs of farmers.
Zheng Guorong introduced that following the concept of green development, exploring the technical service and improvement model of rural residential environment improvement based on rural clean energy, providing clean and high-quality renewable energy to farmers, realizing the utilization of agricultural waste resources, and promoting rural human settlements. Environmental improvement.
On the way out of poverty, energy leads to "rich flower"
Nanchang County Xiaoyan Town Zhouwan Village ex situ poverty alleviation resettlement site, a 120 square meter biogas station, but can store 100 cubic meters of biogas, which can provide dozens of local ex situ poverty alleviation households and surrounding farmers Domestic gas can also transform crop straws and human and animal manure to produce organic fertilizers to meet the fertilizer needs of surrounding tea gardens.
Many years ago, household biogas digesters were built in the villagers' homes. Due to the small scale and insufficient supporting facilities, not only the living gas is difficult, but also the biogas residue biogas slurry has not been effectively used.
In the Nanzhang ex-situ poverty alleviation and resettlement site, 25 biogas stations of 100 cubic meters or 200 cubic meters were built in Suiwan, and rural energy service companies were introduced to take charge of daily management and protection. Clean energy gradually replaced fuelwood. Villagers Farewell to the smokey life.
Bring convenience to the people, but also bring rich "pockets". "Organic" is a business card that Nanzhang is striving for. The county takes the development of "water and fertilizer integration" as a platform, and uses organic fertilizer from slag biogas slurry to develop organic agriculture. In the past three years, more than 30,000 tons of biogas slurry organic fertilizer has been distributed, and more than 30,000 acres such as tea gardens, vegetables and fruit trees have been sprayed.
In July this year, the practice of supporting biogas stations for the poor households in Nanzhang County's ex-situ poverty alleviation resettlement resettlement sites has been fully affirmed by the relevant provincial leaders.
Help the targeted poverty alleviation, spare no effort in rural energy. Xianfeng combined the development of rural biogas with the construction of large agricultural sectors and large bases, and effectively connected rural biogas with large-scale farmers, family farms and modern agricultural industrial demonstration parks to make the circular agriculture bigger and stronger, and to increase people's income. Relying on rural energy professional cooperatives, Luotian provides comprehensive services to help all major leisure farms and fruit and vegetable bases realize the development of industries integrating leisure, tourism, catering, and picking. Hunchun coordinated all kinds of funds for 270 million yuan in two years, and assigned it to the county energy office to be responsible for the construction of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects, which led to the promotion of solar street lights and water heaters.
Small energy, big work. Whether it is a strategy for rural rejuvenation, the construction of beautiful countryside, or the fight against poverty, rural energy is working hard to shed its own light.